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School for Christian Workers, 

Springfield, Massachusetts. 

Including the Special Work in 

The Young Men's Christian Association 
Training School, 


Training School for Sunday-School Workers 
and Pastors' Helpers. 


Admission, terms of .* 21 

Bequest, forms for 25 

Calendar for 1888-89 8 

Contributions, how made, etc 25 

Corporation 4 

Design of Sehool for Christian Workers 5 

Diplomas 23 

Expenses, estimate of 22 

General Course of Study 9-11 

Gymnasium Department, special studies in 15, 16 

" " demand for workers 27 

" " what is said of it 35 

Information, how to get it 24 

Instructors in the general and special courses 6 

Location of School 23, 24 

Officers 4 

Rooms and Bedding 23 

Secretarial Department, special studies in 12, 13 

" " special lectures in 14 

44 " demand and supply 26-28 

" *• what the Conventions say of 31-34 

" " what graduates say of 36 

" " value of a second year in 38 

Secretaryship, necessity of thorough preparation for 40 

Students, 1887-88 7, 8 

Sunday-School Department, special studies in 17-19 

" " " special lectures in 20 

" " " demand for workers 29,30 

" " " what others say of 42-46 

Training School for S. S. Workers and Pastors' Helpers 17 

Tuition and other expenses 22 

Y. M. C. A. Training School 12 

Third Catalogue 

ool for (M 

- 1 

Springfield, Massachusetts, 

April 1, 1888. 


Springfield, Mass. 


Annual Meeting of the Corporation and Board of Trustees, Tuesday, 
k June 12, 1888. 

Quarterly Meetings of the Trustees on the second Fridays of March, 
June, September and December. 

Fourth School Year, 1888-89. 

F T S B e g ms Wednesday afternoon, September 5, 1888. 

r all l erm j Endg FHday evemngi December 21, 1888. 


Wtmtfr T»rm 5 Be g ins Wednesday morning, January 2, 1889. 

WINTER 1 ERM J evenmg? March 2 9, 1889. 


Spring Term $ Be £ ms Tuesday morning, April 9, 1889. 

I Commencement Exercises, Tuesday Ev'g, June 11, 1889. 



Rev. J. H. VINCENT, D. D. 


Recording Secretary, 
Rev. S. L. MERRELL. 
Corresponding Secretary, 


Hon. J. S. Maclean, Halifax, N. S. 
Hon. S. H. Blake, Toronto, Ontario. 
Geo. Hague, Montreal, Quebec. 
Jos. Hardie, Selma, Ala. 
H.'y. McCoy, San Francisco, Cal. 
Humphrey B. Chamberlin, Denver, Col. 
Chas. A. Jewell, Hartford, Conn. 
Jas. W. Harle, Atlanta, Ga. 
H. M. Moore, Boston, Mass. 
Russell Sturgis, Jr., Boston, Mass. 
E. A. Reed, D. D., Holyoke, Mass. 
Rev. T. IV. Bishop, Salem, Mass. 
Julius H. Applet on, Springfield, Mass. 
Chas. H . Barrows. " " 

H. H. Bowman, " " 

H. M. Brewster, " " 

S. G.Buckingham, D.D. " " 
T. L. Chapman, M. D. " " 
S. F. Chester, ■« " 

E. Porter Dyer, " " 

Geo. A. Ellis, '« " 

N. W. Fisk, " " 

T. L. Haynes, " " 

Edw. Ingersoll, " " 

J. L. Johnson, " 
H. S. Lee, " u 

Chas. Marsh, " " 

Rev. S. L. Merrell, " " 

Homer Merriam, " " 

Chas. F. Me serve, " " 

A. J. Pease, Springfield, Mass. 

Rev. S. Hartwell Pratt, Springfield, Mass. 

Rev. David A lien Reed, " " 

E. C. Rogers, " " 
H. C. Rowley, " 
Horace Smith, " " 
L. C. Smith, " 

C. H. Southworth, " " « 

T. H. Stock, " " 

H. P. Stone, «' 

G. W. Tapley, " «' 

C. E. Dyer, Minneapolis, Minn. 

Thos. Cochran, Jr., St. Paul, Minn. 

Frank L. Johnston, St. Louis, Mo. 

Jacob C. Denise, M. D., Omaha, Neb. 

Frank L . Janeway , New Brunswiek, N. J. 

Jno. H. Vincent, D. D., Plainfield. N. J. 

F. W. Taylor, Buffalo, N. Y. 
Cephas Braintrd, New York City. 
Cleveland H. Dodge, New York City. 
Wm. F. Lee, " " " 
Robert R. McBurney, " " " 
Elbert B. Monroe, " " " 
Wm. S. Sloan, '« • " 
Edmund P. Piatt, Poughkeepsie, N. Y. 
S. F. Scovil, D. D., Wooster, O. 

T. DeWitt Cuyler, Philadelphia, Pa. 
Nelson F. Evans, Philadelphia, Pa. 
J. J. Estey, Brattleboro, Vt. 
Geo. J. Rogers, Milwaukee, Wis. 

*The Trustees are italicized. 



J. H. Appleton, C. H. Southworth, S. F. Chester, 
with the Officers, ex officio. 

auditors : 

E. C. Rogers, E. Porter Dyer, H. S. Lee. 


The specific design of this School is " To train young men for the duties 
of General Secretaries of Young Men's Christian Associations ; of Gymna- 
sium Instructors ; and of Superintendents of Sunday Schools and Pastors' 
Helpers." In no sense does it offer a short road to the ministry, or encroach 
upon the sphere of the theological seminary. 


The control of this School is vested in a Board of Trustees, of whom 
three, with the officers ex officio, constitute an Executive Committee. 

The Trustees are chosen by the Corporation. The Instructors are 
appointed by the Trustees. 

An Examining Committee is appointed annually. 


Rev. D. A. REED and O. C. MORSE, 

Systematic Bible Truth and Ethics. 

Rev. T. H. HAWKS, D D., 

Bible History, Exegesis, and Church History. 

Rev. S. L. MERRELL, 

Rhetoric, Logic, and Christian Biography. 

Vocal Music. 


Physiology and Anatomy. 


Gymnasium Work. 


The Young Men's Christian Association Training School: 

Secretarial Department, J. T. BOWNE. 
Gymnasium Department, LUTHER GULICK and R. J. ROBERTS. 

Training School for Sunday-School Workers and Pastors' Helpers: 

Summer School for Gymnasium Instructors. 

Bible Work, Rev. GEO. F. PENTECOST, D. D. 
Physical Culture, LUTHEB GULICK and R. J. ROBERTS 


STUDENTS, 1887-8. 

Note.— Those marked (S. S.) are in the Training School for Sunday-School Workers 
and Pastors' Helpers. Those marked (Sec.) or (Gym.) are in the Secretarial or the Gymna- 

sium Department of the Y. M. C. A. Training School. 


Aiken, Eugene Myron, (Sec.) .... Springfield, Mass. 

Allen, Lewis Warren, (Gym.) Albany, N. Y. 

Bradley, George William, (Sec.) . . . Meriden, Conn. 

Fagg, Frederick Dowe, (Sec.) Madison, Wis. 

Shepard, Albert George, (Sec.) .... Detroit, Mich. 
Voorhees, William Delano, (Sec.) . . . Brooklyn, N. Y. 


Allan, John, (Sec.) Ayr, Scotland. 

♦Alspach, Charles Benton, (Sec.) . . . Thornville. Ohio. 
♦Bulbulian, C. Hagop, (Sec.) . . . Aintab, Asiatic Turkey. 
*Bodell, William Allen, (Sec.) . . . Glentbrd, Ohio. 

Briggs, Joseph Edward, (Sec.) . Brooklyn, N. Y. 

Carruthers, Frederick Fayette, (Sec.) . . . Lincoln, Neb. 
Canfield, James Edward, (Sec.) . . . Rondout, N. Y. 

Fenner, Romaine Cordillo, (Sec.) . . . Marlette, Mich. 

Fowler, Peter Van Benschoten, (Sec.) . Hopewell Junction, N. Y. 
French, Archibald Dey, (Sec ) ... Montclair, N. J. 

*Hatch, Walter Livingstone, (Sec.) . . Birmingham, Ala. 
Horton, Clarence Wesley, (Sec.) .... Rome, N. Y. 
♦Howard, Clinton French, (Gym.) . . . Brockton, Mass. 
♦Hutchins, Harry Walter, (Sec.) . . . Waukesha, Wis. 

♦Studied only a part of the year. 


Iskiyan, Paul Stipan, (S. S.) 
*Jackson, Joseph Proctor, (Sec.) 
*Lkuba, James Henri, (Sec.) 
♦Lipscomb, George Harris, (Sec.) 
Lund, Arthur Graves, (Sec ) 
MacKay, Angus Hugh Murdoch, (Sec.) 
♦Marsh, George Harlow, (S. S.) 
Maxwell, Thomas, (S. S.) . 
McPhie, Duncan Angus, (Gym.) 
♦Meske, Fritz Louis, (Sec.) 
Muntz, Emanuel, (Gym.) . 
Norris, James Hervey, (Sec.) 
Peck, William Willet, (Sec.) 
♦Phillips, Charles Dickens, (Gym.) . 
Powlison, Charles Ford, (Sec.) 
♦Reese, John Butler, (Sec.) 
Rink, Hamilton Albert, (Sec.) . 
Robinson, Alexander, (S. S.) 
♦Ruddock, Orie Lincoln, (S. S.) 


Solley, George Willis, (S. S.) . 
Tarbell, Edward Norris, (Sec.) 
Teague, Frank Williams, (Sec.) 
Thompson, Hugh Currie, (Gym.) 
Waldron, Charles, (Sec.) . 
Whan, John Newell, (Sec.) 
♦Wittwer, Carl Edward, (Sec.) 
Wyman, William Hutchinson, (Sec.) 
Younger, Clarmont Henry, (Sec.) 

Marash, Asiatic Turkey. 

Middletown, Va. 
Neuchatel, Switzerland. 
Columbus, Miss. 
Bridgeport, Conn. 
Hopewell, Nova Scotia. 
. Batavia, N. Y. 
Belfast, Ireland. 
Hopewell, Nova Scotia. 
. Albany, N. Y. 
. Buffalo, N. Y. 

Cleveland, Ohio. 
Port Jervis, N. Y. 
Rome, N. Y. 
Plainfield, N. J. 
Nashville, Tenn. 
Jersey City, N. J. 
Hopewell, Nova Scotia. 
Buckland, Mass. 
Rondout, N. Y. 

Bethel, Conn. 
Meriden, Conn. 
Worcester, Mass. 
. Buffalo, N. Y. 
. St. Thomas, Ontario. 
Philadelphia, Pa. 
Toledo, Ohio. 
. Elgin, 111. 
New York City. 

*Studied only a part of the year. 


The General Course of Instruction 

Is common to all the students. It covers two years, and includes the follow- 
ing topics : 

The Bible ; 

Systematic Bible Truth ; 

Evidences of Christianity ; 

Christian Ethics ; 

Church History ; 

Lives of Eminent Christians ; 

Methods of Christian Work ; 

Rhetoric and Logic ; 

Rules for Deliberative Bodies ; 

Vocal Music : 

Physical Culture, including daily systematic exercise in the Gymnasium. 


Junior Year. 
Biblical History (O. T.) ; 
The Life of Christ ; 
History of the Apostolic Church ; 
Biblical Geography and Chronology-; 

Senior Year. 

Exegesis, Selections from the Psalms and Prophets ; 
The Old Testament Canon ; 

Exegesis in Harmony of the Gospels and the Epistles ; 

The English Versions ; 


Text Books : Dr. Smith's Old and New Testament Histories (Harper's 
Students 1 Series) ; Robinson's English Harmony of the Gospels. 


Junior Year — First Term. 

Outline study of the Evidences of Christianity, of Ethics and of the Fun- 
damental Doctrines common to all evangelical denominations. 


Junior Year — Second and Third Terms. 

Study of the Books of the Bible, with reference to the following topics : 
(1) The great divisions of each book ; (2) the great historical facts ; (3) the 
great religious facts and spiritual truths ; (4) the great characters ; (5) the 
great types and their development in the other books ; (6) the great proph- 
ecies and promises, and their fulfillment; (7) practical lessons. Special 
attention will be paid, all through this course, to the great doctrines previ- 
ously studied in outline, as they are developed in each book. 

Senior Year. 

Continued study of the Books of the Bible on the same plan pursued in 
the second part of the Junior year. 

A special Text-Book on Evidences, Ethics, and Doctrines, is being prepared 
for this course. 


Senior Year . 

The attempt is made to obtain a knowledge in outline, of the progress ot 
Christianity and the Church down to the present time, prominence being 
given to Missions and the development of doctrine. 

Text-Book: Fisher's History of the Christian Church. 


Are studied during the Senior Year, to learn the secret of their success and 
to be stimulated by their example. 


Under the following heads, receive special attention iceekly throughout the 
entire course: The prayer meeting and its methods; How to study and use 
the Bible ; How to deal with Inquirers ; The Worker's Training Class. 


Rhetoric is taught during the Junior, and Logic during the Senior year. 
Written compositions are required of all, once in three weeks during the 
entire course. 

Text-Book in Rhetoric: A Manual of Composition and Rhetoric by Jno. 
S. Hart. L.L. D. (Eldridge & Bro., Phila.) 


Will be taught during the Senior year. Manual, Cushing's. 


To prepare the student to lead in devotional singing, is taught during both 
years . 


Anatomy and Physiology are taught during both years. All are expected 
to exercise daily in the Gymnasium under the direction of the Instructor. 

Text-Book: Martin's "Human Body 1 ' (Briefer Course). 

The need of a student to take any given studies must be decided by the 
instructors ; but all will be required to practice original composition, and 
extempore speaking. 

The general course of study is meant to be adapted to the average student. 
If any should find a part of the course needless because of previous studies 
and discipline, they will be expected to give themselves to a more thorough 
acquaintance with the remaining departments, and to pass an examination 
upon the entire course. 


Note.— This School was originally known as " The Y. M. C. A. Department of the 
School for Christian Workers." 

The Secretarial Department. 

Object : Training for the special duties of the General Secretaryship of 
the Young Men's Christian Association. 


I. — Field, Objects, and History. 
The Field and its Limits. 

The Work — why needed. 

A definite work — for and by young 

The work distinctively religious. 
Relation to the Church. 
Summary of the Objects and Work. 
The general objects. 
The means employed in cities. 
The means employed in small 

History of the Rise and Growth. 

II. — The Organization and its 


When and how to organize. 

The Constitution. 

The Branch organization. 
Officers and Directors. 

The officers. 

The Board of Directors. 

The Executive Secretary. 

Standing Committees . 

Importance and organization. 
Committees of the Board. 
Committees of the Association. 


How to secure and retain. 
Development of Active members. 
The Associate membership. 
The members 1 meeting or recep- 

The General Secretary. 
The office and work. 
The qualifications. 
The relationships. 
General and personal hints. 
Securing and training Secretaries. 

The Association Home. 
Tenure, location, arrangement, and 

Care of the home. 
The building movement. 
How to get a building. 

♦This is in addition to the general course already outlined on pp. 9-11. 



III. — Methods of Work. 
Business Management . 
The finances. 

Incorporation and insurance. 
Records and statistics. 
Presentation of the work to the 

Relief, Employment and Boarding 

House Bureaus. 
Religious Work — In the Rooms. 
In general. 

The young men's meeting. 

The study of the Bible and helps. 

Training classes. 

Bible classes and readings. 

Personal work, and dealing with 

The service of song. 
Religious Work — Outside the Rooms. 

Secular Work. 
In general. 

Intellectual department. 

Social department. 

Physical department. 
Work among Boys. 
Work among Special Classes. 

College students. 

Railroad men. 

Commercial travelers. 

German young men. 

Miscellaneous classes. 
Women's Work for Young Men. 
Changes in Methods, Errors, etc. 

IV. — The General Work. 

District Work. 
State and Provincial Work. 
The International Work in North 

The World's Committee and its Work* 

A Text-Book covering the entire field of Association work — local State, and International 
—for this department, is in preparation; the first volume of which will probably be pub- 
lished in the fall or early winter of 1888. 


During the whole of the Junior Year all students in this department are 
required to be members of the Armory Hill Association, which occupies 
rooms in the School building, to do regular practical work on one or more 
of its standing committees, and to attend all stated meetings of the committees 
to which appointed, and the regular sessions of the Training Class. During 
the Senior Year the same must be done in connection with the Central 
Association — unless the student is preparing especially for Railroad work, 
when he will be required to unite and work with the Railroad Association. 
They are given practice in preparing monthly reports of committees, minutes 
of meetings, items for newspapers and bulletins, printers' copy, and proof 
reading ; and are expected to attend each year at least two District, State, 
or International Conventions. 


Secretarial Department, Y. M. C. A. Training School, 1887-88. 

1. Nov. 28 — G. A. Warburton of New York City. Topic: "The 
Claims of Personal and Social Purity Work upon our Associations." 

2. Dec. 19. — Rev. Henry Edwards Brown, Secretary of the Interna- 
tional Committee. Topic: "Bible Readings, and How to Prepare them." 

3. Jan. 13. — Rev. William Chauncy Langdon, D. D., Rector St. 
James P. E. Church, Bedford, Pa. Topic : " The Story of the Association 
Movement in America, Prior to 1859." 

4. Feb. 6. — E. W. Watkins, Secretary of the International Committee. 
Topic : " The Association and some of our National Dangers." 

5. Feb. 7. — Henry L Goulding, Springfield Daily Union. Topic: 
" The Secretary and the Newspapers." 

6. Feb. 27. — Edwin F. See, Secretary Brooklyn Association. Topic: 
" The Opportunities and Responsibilities of the Secretaryship." 

7. Feb. 28.— C. S. Hurlbut, D. D. S., Springfield. Topic : " The U. 
S. Christian Commission, and its work." 

8. March 6. — Frank R. Young, Springfield. Topic: "Systematic 
Saving and Expenditure." 

9. March 15. — James L. Gordon, Secretary Brooklyn Association. 
Topic : " Some Things which Tend to Success." 

10. March 20. — R. B. Poole, Librarian New York City Association. 
Topic : " The Bible in its Bibliographical Aspects, its Versions and its Man- 
uscripts." Illustrated by many rare and valuable books and manuscripts. 

11. W. H. Morriss, Secretary Baltimore Association. Topic: 

" The General Secretary as a Man." 

12. C. K. Ober, Secretary of the International Committee. 

Topic : " The Organizer : His place in Association Work." 


Objkct: Training for the special duties of Gymnasium Instructors. 


I. — History of Gymnastics. 

A. Ancient: (1) Greek; (2) Roman; (3) Other Nations. 
15. Mediaeval. 

C. Modern: (1) German; (2) French ; (3) Swedish; (4) English; 

(5) American. 

D. Influence of Gymnastics on National Life as shown by the (a) Greeks ; 

(b) Romans; (c) Germans. 

II. — Young Men's Christian Association Gymnasium Work. 

A. The Field: (I) At home ; (2) Abroad. 

B. The Present Opportunity : (1) Religiously ; (2) Scientifically ; (3) 


4 C. The Securing and Training of Men: (1) Qualifications necessary ; 
(2) Securing, and (3) Training men. 
D. The Relation of the Gymnasium Instructor to Various Men, and to 
Various Bodies of Men: (1) To the General Secretary; (2) To 
the President and Board of Managers ; (3) To the Society for the 
Advancement of Physical Education ; (4) To the Church and other 
religious bodies. 

III. — The Gymnasium. 

A. Location. 

B. Size and Shape. 

C. Ventilation. 

D. Apparatus; quality, arrangement, repair, etc. 

IV. — Work and Methods of Work. 

A. Religious: (1) Training Class, (a) Securing, (b) Instruction of, (c) 
Use of; (2) Bible Class, (a) Methods of teaching, (b) Hints; (3) 
Personal Work ; (4) Committees (for the Gymnasium), (a) Securing 
men, (b) Training men, ^c) Work of the Committees. 


B. Scientific: (1) Anthropometric Statistics, (a) Securing, (b) 
Using, (c) Preserving, (d) Relation to the future of the work ; (2) 
Physical Diagnosis and the Prescription of Exercise, (a) Use of 
instruments, Dynamometers, Sphygmograph, etc. , (b) Prescriptions 
for special classes, (c) For special cases ; (8) Anatomy, (a) Gen- 
eral Anatomy, (l) development, (2) tissues, etc., (b) Osteology 
(omit bones of face and cranium), (c) Articulations, (l) form, (2) 
structure, (3) movements, (d ) Muscles (omit facial), (e) Arteries, 
veins, nerves, and lymphatics (in brief) ; (4) Physiology, (a) 
" Human Body, 11 by Martin (omit chapters on special senses), (b) 
Special lectures on (1) growth and development, ( 2 ) exercise, in 
relation to the health, strength, and endurance of the mind and 
body, (3) rules for exercise in health and disease, (4) individual 
idiosyncrasies regarding; (5) Hygiene, "Text-book of Hygiene," 
Wilson; (6) Elementary Physics; (7) Review of the literature on 

C. Practical: (1) Gymnastics, (a) Committing class exercises, (b) 

Analysis of exercises, (c) Invention of exercises, (d) Requisites 
for successful class work, i. e., it must be (1) safe, (2) short, (3) 
easy, (4) beneficial, (5) pleasing, (e) use of apparatus ; (2) Ath- 
letics, (a) Proper use of, general rules regarding, etc., (b) Lawn 
tennis, boating, swimming, running, jumping, etc. 

During the whole of this special course, which covers two years, all stu- 
dents in this department are required to be members of one of the local 
Young Men^ Christian Associations, to do daily practical work on one 
or more of its standing committees, and to attend all stated meetings of the 
committees to which appointed, and the regular sessions of the Training 
Class. They will also be given practice in preparing monthly reports of 
committees, minutes of meetings, items for newspapers and bulletins, 
printers 1 copy, and proof reading. They will also be expected to attend 
each year at least two District, State or International Conventions. 

There will be this year as there was last, a Summer school, lasting five 
weeks, from the middle of July. The total expenses are estimated at fifty 
dollars, including board, tuition, books, etc. Further information as to this 
course will be found in the circular, which will be sent on application to 
Luther Gulick, Y. M. C. A. Training school, Springfield, Mass. 





Note. — This School was formerly known as the " Sunday School Department of the 
School for Christian Workers." 

Object : The training of young men for the duties of Sunday-School 

Missionaries and Superintendents, and Pastors 1 Helpers. 


First Term. 

I. Historical and Theoretical. 

I. Aim and Scope. 

II. History, including (1) Authority ; (2) Origin ; (3) Growth and 
, Progress; (4) Union Work; (5) Denominational Work, 
m. Plan. 1. Church and School: (1) Their Relations; (2) Mis- 
sion Schools ; (3) Place ; (4) Time and Finance ; (5) Library. 
2. Organization: (1) Constitution ; (2) Officers and Commit- 
tees ; (3) Grades and Classes ; (4) Home Department. 

II. Practical and Normal. 

1. Bible: Books, characters, geography, constitution. 

2. Lesson Study. 

3. Frontier Work. 

4. Methods of Teaching. 

This is in addition to the general course on pp. 9-11. 


Second and Third Terms. 

III. Plan (Continued). 

3. Conventions: (1) Conferences; (2) Unions; (3) Institutes; 
(4) Local, District, County, State, International, Denomi- 
national Conventions ; (5) Assemblies ; (6) Associations : 
State, County, Town and District. 

IV. Work. 1. Gathering in : (1) Canvassing ; (2) Children's Work ; 

(3) Committee Work ; (4) Frontier Work. 

2. Order of exercises. 

3. Officers: (1) Qualifications ; (2) Duties 

4. Teachers: (1) Qualifications; (2) Duties; (3) Selection and 

Removal ; (4) Preparation ; (5) Week-day Work ; (6) 
Before the Class ; (7) Personal Work. 

5. Matter to teach: (1) International Lesson; (2) Supple- 

mental Lesson ; (3) Blackboard and Object Lessons ; (4) 
Music: (5) Prayer; (6) Benevolence; (7) Reviews. 

6. Young People's Society of Christian Endeavor: (1) Rela- 

tion to Sunday-school and Church ; (2) Organization and 
Methods; (3) Needs and Benefits. 

7. Concerts, Picnics, Excursions, Fairs, Prizes, Mottoes, Festi- 

vals, Socials, Receptions, Vacations, Anniversaries, etc. 

II. Practical and Normal (Continued). 

5. Teacher's Meetings. 

6. Blackboard Teaching. 

7. Object Teaching. • 

8. Supplemental Lessons. 

9. Normal Methods. 

First Term. 
I. Historical and Theoretical. 

1. History of Education. 

2. Study of Child Mind. 

3. Principles of Teaching. 

4. Young People's Society of Christian Endeavor (Continued). 


II. Practical and Normal. 

1. Prayer Meetings: Boys 1 , Children's, Young Men's, Young 

Women's, Teachers', Missionary, Temperance. 

2. Praise Meetings. 

3. Reports. 

Second and Third Terms. 

I. Historical and Theoretical (Concluded). 

1. Lives of Eminent Teachers. 

2. Pastoral Work. 

3. Mission Work. 

■4. Training Classes. 

5. Committee Work. 

6. Printed Matter. 

7. The Future of the Sunday-School. 

II. Practical and Normal (Concluded). 

1. Gospel Meetings. 

2. Bible Readings. 

3. Training Classes. 

4. Records and Reports. 

5. Printing. 

Text-Books : The Young Teacher, Groser ; Teaching and Teachers, 
Trumbull ; Seven Laws of Teaching, Gregory ; The Sunday-School Library, 
Dunning ; The Life of Robert Raikes, Lloyd ; Normal Outlines, Hurlbut ; 
Parish Problems, Gladden. 

N. B. Each student in this School is expected to connect himself, if 
possible, with a Sunday-School of his own denomination in this city, and work 
in it. 

N. B. The special aim of this School is to develop practical work ; the 
instructor being at the same time Superintendent of one of the largest Sun- 
day-Schools in New England. 




1. 44 Methods of Sunday-School Work on the Frontier." 

Rev. Geo. H. Griffin, Secretary of the New England branch of 
the American Sunday-School Union. 

2. 44 International Sunday-School Committee Work." 

Mr. William Reynolds, President of the Fifth International 
Sunday-School Convention, Chicago, 111., June 1-3, 1887. 

3. 44 Christian Workers." 

Rev. J. H. Vincent, D.D., Chancellor of the Chautauqua As- 

4. 44 The Teacher in his Relation to the Pastor, Superintendent and 

Mr. Ralph Wells. 

5. 44 How to Prepare a Sunday-School Lesson." 

Rev. F. N. Peloubet, D.D., author of the Select Notes on the 
International Lessons. 

6. 44 The Study of the Bible." 

Rev. A. E. Dunning, D.D., Secretary of the Congregational 
Sunday-School and Publishing Society. 

7. 44 Conventions, Conferences and Associations." 

Mr. W. H. Hall, Secretary of the Connecticut Sunday-School 
Association, Missionary of the American Sunday-School Union 
in Connecticut, and Member of the International Committee. 

8. 44 Practical Mission Work." 

Rev. Graham Taylor, Professor of Practical Theology in Hart- 
ford Theological Seminary. 

9. 44 Office and Duties of the Pastor's Helper." 

Mr. W. H. Swallow, Helper to the Pastor of the State Street 
Baptist Church in Springfield, Mass. 



The School for Christian Workers is open only to Christian young men, 
over eighteen years of age, who have already shown ability in the direction 
of the work for which they wish to prepare. Each applicant shall have had 
at least a fair English education ; some business experience is very desirable, 
but not always essential. He shall be a member in good standing of an 
evangelical church, and if admitted shall bring a certificate to this effect from 
his pastor, and unite with some church of his choice in this city. He shall 
fill out and return " Confidential" blank, No. 1 — which is sent to each appli- 
cant for information — giving at least two references as to character and 
qualifications, and enclosing two two-cent stamps for each reference, to cover 
postage in writing to them. Only after satisfactory reports are received 
concerning him can any student be admitted to the School. 

The School year begins with the first Wednesday in September. Students 
who enter for one year, or the course, will not be admitted after the last of 
October. Those who can enter for a few months only, are admitted at any 
time ; but nothing aside from the regular work is promised to such. It will 
be greatly to the advantage of all to enter at the beginning of the year. 

Too much emphasis cannot be laid upon the importance of taking the 
entire course, wherever it is possible. 

Each shall pledge himself upon the books of the School to comply with all 
its rules and the requirements of the officers, and shall give at least one week's 
notice if for any reason he wishes to leave the School before the end of the 

Each is received upon probation and retained only so long as he gives 
promise of being successful. 

It should be distinctly understood that the School does not agree to find 
places for students upon their leaving. 




For the School Year of Forty Weeks. 

The following estimate of expenses is based upon the experience of last 

year : 

Table board with club, about ..... $100 

Furnished room, in building, with light and heat, . . 40 

Tuition, 40 

Gymnasium dress, about ...... 6 

Washing, about ........ 16 

Text and Note Books, about ..... 15 

Attendance upon Conventions, about .... 13 


The above estimate covers only the items specified, and not other necessary 
incidentals which each must calculate for himself. The total expenditures 
of individual students varied last year from $215 to $250. There are no 

The expenses of transients vary from $5.00 to $6.00 per week. 

Only forty-four students can be lodged in the present building, and rooms 
are assigned as the students are accepted. Furnished rooms outside the 
building cost from $1.50 to $2.00 per week ; table board outside the club, 
from $3.50 to $5.00 per week. 

Tuition is payable promptly on the first Mondays in October and February, 
one-half at each payment. Room rent, on last Monday in each month. Board, 
with club, weekly in advance. 

Students will save themselves trouble and expense by bringing exchange 
on New York and Boston banks rather than local checks. 

Where students have undertaken to pay a part of their expenses, by 
engaging in work in the city during the school year, they have found in every 
instance that it seriously interfered with their studies. 



Each student lodging in the building will care for his own room, which 
must be kept scrupulously clean. He will be expected to provide sheets, pillow 
and bolster slips, towels and soap. Beds are all single, 3 feet in width; 
pillows, 18x20 inches: bolsters, 18x36 inches. Rooms are liable to weekly 
inspection. Rent will continue until the room is vacated and the key 
delivered to the superintendent of the building. 


A student who completes the regular and either of the special courses, or 
an equivalent, will receive a diploma. One who does not complete the 
course, can receive a certificate setting forth the amount and character of the 
work done by him, if he desires it. 


Springfield is the metropolis of Western Massachusetts. It has nearly 
forty thousand inhabitants, while it is the rival in wealth and commercial 
influence of cities many times greater, and its manufactures are famed the 
world over. 

It is a railroad centre easily accessible from every direction. Lying on the 
great thoroughfare from Boston to New York, and in the midst of a densely 
populated manufacturing region, more than a hundred passenger trains daily 
bring in or bear away their living freight. 

Springfield is in one of the most delightful parts of the charming Connecticut 
valley. Itself beautiful for its public edifices and private dwellings, its 
streets, parks, lawns and trees — it is a beautiful gem in a more beautiful 


It combines the advantages of the city and the country. It has a large and 
increasing public library and reading-room, in a building which would be an 
honor to any city. Its common and high schools are seldom surpassed. It 
has a large population of active Christians who worship in edifices, some of 
which have a national reputation for architectural beauty. There is a degree 
of intellectual, social, moral and religious earnestness which is seldom found 
except in the great centres of* population. 

The site of the building for The School for Christian Workers is on 
Armory Hill, in a part of the city which is attracting much attention for its 
healthfulness. It is near the head of State Street, a broad and beautiful 
avenue, and has the combined advantages of easy access to the centre of the 
city with its privileges, and of nearness to the open country. The friends of 
the School think that no better place could be chosen for such an institution. 

The Armory Hill horse cars (with yellow dash-boards) pass the Union 
Station, running directly to the School. 


Requests for General Information should be sent to the Corresponding 
Secretary, O. C. Morse, School for Christian Workers, Springfield, Mass. 

For Special Information, address as follows, at Springfield, Mass., 

Secretarial Department. — J. T. Bowne, 35 Clarendon street. 
Gymnasium Department. — Luther Gulick, Y. M. C. A. Training 

Rev. E. P. Armstrong, 60 Sherman street. 



Inquiries concerning the finances will receive immediate attention by 
addressing O. C. Morse, Corresponding Secretary, School for Christian 
Workers ; and remittances may be made to him payable to the order of the 
Treasurer, Charles Marsh, Cashier Pynchon National Bank, Springfield. 


I give and bequeath to The School for Christian Workers, in Springfield, 
Mass., the sum of dollars.* 


I give and bequeath to The School for Christian Workers, in Springfield, 
Massachusetts, the sum of , to be safely invested by them and 

called the Fund. The interest of this fund to be applied 

to the use of the School.* 


For the purpose of founding a perpetual loan fund in The School for 
Christian Workers (or either of its special schools, if so stated), I hereby 
give the sum of four thousand dollars — or its equivalent in good securities at 
cash value — to be safely invested by you, the income to be loaned towards 
the education of students who have already shown ability in the School. 

*Or the testator may specify, towards the current expenses; or, towards the support of a 
chair of instruction in the general course, or in either of the special schools ; or, to be used 
as a loan towards the education of students who have shown ability in either of the special 





One peculiarity in the demand for Y. M. C. A. workers distinguishes it 
from the demands which come from other fields of Christian work. To 
supply the demands from some home and foreign fields great effort is required 
on the part of missionary societies and churches to raise sufficient money to 
support the workers. In marked contrast with this there is, at a low estimate, 
from §50,000 to $60,000 raised and waiting, to employ Secretaries and 
Gymnasium Instructors, in the Young Men's Christian Associations of the 
United States and British Provinces. If trained workers were only available, 
this sum would be largely increased by the organization of fields which Inter- 
national and State Secretaries are refusing to open without a prospect of 
having them promptly filled. 

The following statement will show the applications to the School, for Sec- 
retaries, and the supply they were able to furnish during the year ending 
March 31, 1888; also, the number of students in the School. 




applied for, 7 ; 


Deficiency, 7 ; 

in School, 3. 

New England, 

" 23 




Middle States, 

" 29 




Southern, . 

" 12 


" 7 ; 


Western, . . 

" 23 





" 3 

; " 2 

i ' i; 




25. 72. 


The applications were classified as follows : 

Asst. State Secretaries : 

Calls for 3 

, Supplied, 

Deficiency, 3. 

Secretaries : 


; " 19 

" 55. 

Railroad Secretaries : 

" " 3; 


; " 2. 

German Secretaries : 

" " 1; 



Assistant Secretaries : 

» 16; 






In addition to the foregoing, 97 applications were made to the Gymnasium 
Department for Instructors, but only 12 could be supplied. 

It should be remembered that the 97 applications for Secretaries, and the 
49 for Gymnasium Instructors, represent not more than perhaps one-third 
the demand made upon the International and the State Committees of the 
country. The following extracts from letters will show the urgency of some 
of the calls : 

From Robt. Weidensall, Western Secretary of the International Com- 
mittee, Jan. 30, 1888 : 

" We want five State Secretaries in the west, — where shall we get them ? 
We want a number of experienced local Secretaries for prominent points, — 
where are we to get them ? 

If your School were twice as large it could not meet the demand upon us. 
Why should men of wealth be slow in affording the means to supply the 
greatest demand for Christian workers in the world ? 

Our Lord spent three years and six months to train twelve men. What 
should we all do to train the men so sadly needed in every quarter of our 
land and of the world ? " 

From the State Secretary of Illinois : 

Here are the present and pressing needs in Illinois.'" (Then follow the 
names of six places, ranging in population from 4,000 to 35,000, where the 
Associations are offering salaries of from $600 to $1,500.) " There is not 
one of these fields but what offers splendid opportunities to the right sort of 
a man. A building is possible within three years in every one of these cities, 
if the right kind of work is done. I hope some of your senior class may turn 
their faces towards the grand possibilities of the Prairie State. 1 ' 

From another State Secretary : 

"What are we going to do for Secretaries ? The money is secured in 
. and . and we cannot find men. Do you know of any 

for these places ? Can you suggest a man for this place ? Population, 7,000, 
and the people are ready to co-operate heartily ; salary to be $600 or $700. 
I go from here to ... , where they have had a hard experience, but 
what shall we do for a man ? It seems to me the situation is a serious 
one. I feel guilty when going into a town to organize an Association, know- 
ing the fact that so few suitable men can be found. 11 


From another State Secretary : 

"I am sorry you can't put me on track of a good Secretary. What are 
we going to do for men ? It seems to me that we are organizing faster than 
we can supply. Is it, to your mind, wise ? " 

A cry from the North-west : 

An ex-Secretary, on his way to Japan, writes from Vancouver, British 
Columbia, Feb. 3, 1888 : 

" I have been busy all along my way to this place studying the field for 
Association work here in the North-west, and the effort that is being put forth 
to occupy it. I do wish that I could tell you how my heart burns for these 
noble fellows. It seems to me that if amongst the young men of your School 
there are those who have any gospel spirit in them, who would be willing to 
take a hard but promising field, where they would be able to reach a class of 
men far above the average of young men, that they would all want to come 
to these new fields. They are just teeming with young men of such grit and 
determination that they have left home to cut their own way out here. Here 
they live, cut off from home and its influences, exposed to many temptations, 
and yet deprived of all those kindly aids which the Association puts forth.and 
which could not fail to make it attractive and very influential among them. 

and . . . need and want Secretaries. In calcula- 
ting these fields, it must be remembered that here the bulk of the population 
is composed of young men. Will not some one come over and help them ? 
The Associations here are doing bravely, and, under trained management, 
will do grandly. Put this before the fellows ; salary $900 to $1,200 at the 
places named." 



Applications to the School for men for the year ending March 31, 1888, 
have been as follows : 

6 S. S. Missionaries — (1 Financial Secretary, 5 Frontier Workers). 
2 S. S. Superintendents — salaried, (1 Baptist, 1 Presbyterian). 
10 Pastors' 1 Helpers — salaried, (2 Baptists, 4 Presbyterians, 4 Congrega- 
tionalists) . 

The School has been able to furnish but a small supply because of the 
limited number of young men who offered themselves for the work. We 
quote from a few letters : 

" If you have such men (as Mr. S. R. Ferguson, the first graduate), I can 
use them at once when spring opens." 

F. O. Ensign, Supt. American S. S. Union. 

" We need a first rate man now for a Pastor's lay Assistant, and will pay 
such a man well. Can you recommend such a man to us ? " 

Pastor of a large Congregational Church in Cleveland, Ohio. 

"Our church officers are looking for a young man to assist me in a rapidly 
growing work. We desire a young worker to be Superintendent of Sunday- 
School, visitor, and Pastor's Assistant, and leader of mission meetings among 
the poor." 

Pastor Baptist Church, Detroit, Mich. 

" What we want is a consecrated, enthusiastic Sabbath-School worker — 
one* who is willing to go into this community from house to house, win the 
love of children, and take the entire control of the Sunday-School, subject 
to the control of the Session. There is no grander field in the world for 
Christian work than right here." 

Pastor Presbyterian Church, Buffalo, N. Y. 


" Within two years our rapidly increasing Sunday-School must have a sala- 
ried Superintendent to devote all his time and thought to it. And not only 
ours, but also several more of my acquaintance in our denomination. . . . 
They are seriously considering this, the only satisfactory way of meeting our 
increasing need." 

Supt. of a Meth. Episcopal S. S. in New England. 

"Our church numbers 800, and is rapidly increasing. Our S. S. numbers 
1,400. ... I am pretty well overworked most of the time. . . . 
We feel anxious to do more than we can at present. . . . We are in 
the midst of 40,000 people. . . , We want a man to visit the families 
of the S. S. and relieve me of some of the pastoral visitation, . . . able 
to adapt himself to the drawing room or basement. 11 

Pastor Congregational Church, Cleveland, O. 

" We want a man with some experience and the other qualifications needed 
for a S. S. Superintendent, . . . willing to give himself wholly to such 
work on a yearly salary. Also a man with some experience in Christian 
work for a Pastor^ helper. 

Pastor Baptist Church, Boston, Mass. 





Note.— This School was originally known as the Y. M. C. A. Department of The School 
for Christian Workers. 

At the 27th International Convention of the Young Men's Christian Asso- 
ciations of the United States and British Provinces, held at San Francisco, 
Cal. , May 1 1-15, 1887, the Committee on the International Committee's report 
brought in the following Resolutions, which were passed unanimously : 

Whereas, There is urgent and imperative need of more and better qualified 
Secretaries and Gymnasium Instructors in our work for young men ; and, 

Whereas, The School for Christian Workers, at Springfield, Mass., is the 
first and only school where thorough and practical training in these depart- 
ments can be obtained ; and, 

Whereas, The International Committee in their report congratulate the 
Convention on the establishment and work of this School ;* therefore, be it 

Resolved, First, that the thanks of this Convention be extended to Rev. 
David Allen Reed, the founder of the School, for his invaluable efforts in 
establishing and maintaining it ; 

Second, That we endorse, as an efficient and important agency in our work, 
the Association Department of this School under its present management, 
and we recommend the School to the Associations and to all friends of Asso- 
ciation work, for the hearty encouragement and financial support which it 
deserves and needs in order to make it more extensively and practically use- 
ful in furnishing the Associations with well selected and thoroughly trained 
General Secretaries and Gymnasium Instructors ; 

Third, That we recommend young men intending to enter the Secretary- 
ship to seek training at the School as a matter of first importance. 

*Cephas Brainebd, Chairman of the International Committee, said in his official report : 
•* The School is becoming more and more popular, and its usefulness to the cause can hardly 
be estimated." 


The following Preamble and Resolution were presented at the 17th Annual 
Conference of the General Secretaries' Association of the United States and 
British Provinces, held at Oakland, Cal., May 18, 1887, by Robert Weiden- 
sall, a Secretary of the International Committee, seconded by W. E. Lewis, 
State Secretary of Wisconsin, and carried unanimously : 

Whereas, With the rapid increase of our Associations and development of 
our work, there is an urgent call for General Secretaries, Gymnasium 
Instructors, etc. ; and, 

Whereas, The School for Christian Workers, at Springfield, Mass., is the 
only School where thorough training in these departments can be obtained ; 

Whereas, This School has been and is now doing all in its power to meet 
the demands of our Associations for Secretaries, Gymnasium Instructors, 
etc. ; therefore, 

Resolved, First, That we heartily endorse the Association Department 
of said School and earnestly recommend all those who desire to enter our 
work as General Secretaries and Gymnasium Instructors to take the course 
there if possible ; and, 

Second, In view of the fact that the School is in need of financial aid, we 
recommend that the General Secretaries do all in their power to help secure 
the sum of $5,000, for the current expenses of the School during the year 
beginning June 1, 1887. 

The following are the endorsements of State Conventions. 
Pennsylvania: Lancaster, Sept. 22-25, 1887. 

Resolved, That in view of the great demand for competent men with 
proper training for the position of General Secretary, and that the School 
for Christian Workers, at Springfield, Mass., is the only one at present estab- 
lished for supplying such thorough and practical instruction as is needed, we 
recommend this institution and its appeal for financial support to those desir- 
ing to aid in advancing and giving permanency to this work for young men. 
Also, that we further commend it to young men desiring preparation for 
the Secretaryship. 


Connecticut: Norwich, Oct. 12-16, 1887. 

Whereas, The School for Christian Workers, located at Springfield, Mass., 
is the only institution in the country that seeks to provide special and com- 
plete training for lay Christian Workers ; therefore, be it 

Resolved, That this Convention commend the Springfield School, 

First, To all young men who feel called to the responsible positions of 
General Secretary or Gymnasium Instructor. 

Second, To all friends of the Associations for their financial support. 

Illinois: Quincy, Oct. 20-23, 1887. 

Resolved, That in view of the great demand for competent men for the 
position of General Secretary, we recommend the School for Christian Work- 
ers, at Springfield, Mass., and those engaged in raising funds for its support. 
Also we commend this School to young men preparing for Christian work. 

Minnesota and Dakota: Faribault, Minn., Oct. 27-30, 1887. 

Resolved, That in view of the increasing demand for trained and com- 
petent men for the position of General Secretary, and also recognizing the 
fact that The School for Christian Workers, at Springfield, Mass., is admira- 
bly adapted to meet those demands in a thorough and practical way, we 
recommend that this Institution and its appeal for financial aid be heartily 
commended to those persons desiring to aid in advancing and giving perma- 
nency to this work for young men ; and also, that we further commend it 
to all young men desiring thorough preparation for Christian work, and 
especially to those looking forward to the Secretaryship. 

Massachusetts and Rhode Island: Southbridge, Mass., Oct. 27-30, 

Resolved, That in view of the excellent service rendered the past year 
by graduates of The School for Christian Workers, as General Secreta- 
ries of Young Men's Christian Associations in this State, that institution has 
earned its right and title to our renewed commendation and co-operation. 


New York: Harlem, Feb. 16-19, IKSS. 

Resolved, That the Springfield School for training of Christian Work- 
ers still has our unabated confidence and sympathy ; that we recommend all 
young men who are looking forward to the General Secretaryship to avail 
themselves of its privileges ; that we will not only pray for its success but 
endeavor to secure from every Association in the Empire State an annual 
contribution for its financial support ; and that this resolution, after its 
approval, be referred to the State Committee for execution. 

Resolutions passed at the Southern Conference of General Secretaries, 
held at Rome, Ga., Dec 1-4, 1887. 

Resolved, That this Conference rejoices at the continued success of The 
School for Christian Workers, at Springfield, Mass., and recognizes the help 
rendered our Association work through the trained young men the School 
has furnished the past year. We therefore heartily recommend it to young 
men who desire to prepare themselves for the position of General Secretary, 
and pledge our co-operation towards its success. 

In a circular letter regarding the School, issued by the State Secretaries 
of Illinois, Wisconsin, Iowa, Virginia, New York, Connecticut and Massa- 
chusetts, after personal visits, they say: 

" We have been impressed by what we have seen. The signal success of 
the work is felt. It is in the atmosphere of the School. It is in the clear 
ring of the voices, the flash of the eyes and the eager attention of the men. 
A chat with the enthusiastic leaders gives glimpses of the practical methods 
of work which make us sure that this is no poor imitation of something old 
renewed, but a real cultivation of a new field — a field clearly defined, in 
which these teachers are now pioneers forced to cut loose from all customs 
of the past. There are no traditions upon which they can rely to support 
their methods. They stand upon their merits, and it is no ordinary ordeal. 
To satisfy these eager young men that they are making a wise use of time 
and money, something that is real must be offered ; no appeal can be made 
to experience. But no man can look into the faces he sees without being 
sure that these men feel amply repaid. He need ask no questions. Ex- 
pressions of satisfaction are spontaneous.' 1 


About the Gymnasium Department. 

Luther Gulick. 

Dear Sir : Many times during the past few weeks I have resolved to write 
to you to express our obligation as an Association, and my own personal 
obligation as a General Secretary, to you and your co-workers for recom- 
mending to us, last summer, Mr. , as Gymnasium Superintendent for 

our Association. 

We have reason to be very well satisfied with Mr. 's work as 

Gymnasium Superintendent, both as an instructor and as a man. He is 
thoroughly at home in his work, enthusiastic, kind-hearted, and manly. I 
have yet to learn of the first occasion of complaint against him. He is a 
man who makes the Association's interests his own. and in whom I have the 
utmost confidence as a fellow-worker. 

I can wish for this department of our work (and for our work as a whole, 
as far as that rests on him) no better prospect than that his stay with us may 
be for years. I know that (aside from the foundations of character and 
education, which of course began with him years ago) much of his excellence 
is due to your careful training and to the high ideal of the work which your 
faculty hold up before the young men. It is therefore but just to teachers 
who are unselfishly giving their lives to a noble work, that they have the 
encouragement which comes from knowing that their work succeeds and is 

Mr. 's brief paper at our State Convention was an excellent and 

timely production, and his ready response to a cross-fire of questions did not 
leave his hearers in doubt of his knowledge of his torjic. 

Please accept my earnest wishes for the success of the School, and my 
personal interest in the teachers and their work. 

Yours truly, 




One who occupies an important position in the general work in the British 
Provinces, writes : 

44 I only wish I was in a position to complete my course at the School. 
I think I could appreciate a good deal better the information and training 
given there. I don't know of a more wonderful transformation on the sub- 
ject of Association work than that which I experienced after I first entered 
the School. At that time, I believed in a crowd. It did not make much 
difference what constituted the crowd. I must confess that when I heard 
distinctive work for young men emphasized so strongly, I was tempted ' to 
go back and walk no more with you. ' I see the folly of it all now, and it 
would have been unfortunate for me and disastrous to the work if I had taken 
the office of a General Secretary without any training. 1 ' 

The following is from a graduate who had been a Secretary for more than 
a year before attending the School, and is now a successful local Secretary 
in one of the Middle States. He writes : 

"I cannot tell you how I value my privileges at Springfield, and how 
much easier the work seems than before I went to the School." 

The Secretary of a Western Association writes : 

"I often remember the School with real gratitude. But for it, I must 
long ago have failed entirely. Were it possible, I would return next year, 
but I can't leave my present field." 

A little later, the same Secretary writes : 

44 We praise God for fourteen young men saved since September 1st 
(less than two months before the date of his letter) . Not a debt ; the larg- 
est Bible Training Class in the State ; thirty young men ready for war; you 


will see some of them at the School yet. Many times do I think of you all, 
and thank God. More and more do I attribute any success I may have in 
This work, under God, to the School." 

From an already published testimony, given by one who is at present a 
theological student, we take the following : 

" I desire to mention two things which impressed me greatly : First, the 
spiritual atmosphere of the School, which was more particularly manifested 
in the earnest and practical teachings of the instructors and their careful 
regulations; Second, the enthusiasm and fellowship of the students, that 
convinces one at once that they have a genuine love and interest for the work 
which they are getting ready to enter. 11 

A General Secretary in the South, in referring to the value of the general 
course in gymnasium work, says : 

"I shall have to run the gymnasium myself, as we are unable as yet to 
employ an instructor. The instruction in that line received at the School 
will be of much value to me." 

A Secretary in the South-west writes : 

" I want to express to you my gratitude for the benefit I received from 
your School. I find use for something every day. We have had two Board 
meetings, and at each I was asked my opinion on certain vital points con- 
nected with our work. Without the information gained at the School, I 
should have been at a complete loss for an answer. As it was, my answers 
were satisfactory and my suggestions carried out. While in School, there 
were many things taught, I confess, that / thought very unimportant, but 
because you emphasized and said they were practical, I fastened them. Those 
very things that seemed so insignificant in the class room are the ones I now 
find the most use for; and had I not treasured them, this would be to me a 
very difficult position to fill." 


"If circumstances permitted, I would esteem it no loss of time to give 
another whole year to careful, painstaking and prayerful effort to prepare for 
our many-sided work. 

I should have felt seriously crippled, I should have had less confidence in 
myself, others would have had less confidence in me, and I should have gone 
to work less spiritually prepared, had I not taken the second year. 1 ' — Feb. 
6, 1888." 

" After being in the School for one month of the second year, I found 
that the first year was only a foundation. Although it cost me much more 
money and left me in debt, besides losing three months by illness, 1 feel irtore 
than paid for the sacrifice I had to make in attending the School the second 

I hope none of the fellows will think of being satisfied with the first year 
if they can possibly attend the second." — Jan. 21, 1888. 

" Though my second year was somewhat broken, yet I feel that it has been 
invaluable to me in my work. 

The first, in the main, is a year of foundation laying ; at least it was so with 
me. The more I become acquainted with Association work the more I know 
that two years is none too long to study a work which is to be one for life. 
It was not too long for me ; wish I could have made it four." — Jan 26, 1888. 

" I thank God that it was my privilege to spend two years at the School 
in preparation for my life work, and am sure a third year might have 
been spent with profit. Having first spent fifteen months as a Secretary of a 
small Association, 1 felt the great need of a more thorough training, so 
entered the School in the fall of 1885. 


The first year was indeed a profitable one ; yet, as I look back, I can see it 
was a year of foundation work on which I was able to build during the second 
year. The first year was good, but the second year was far better. The 
greater insight into Association work, the analytical study of the Bible, and 
the additional experience in practical Association work (gained in the local 
Associations), the second year, makes it invaluable. 

I know it is possible now for me to do more and better work, with fewer 
mistakes, than I could have done after only one year at the School. God 
has blessed our efforts from the start ; the work has been growing steadily, 
and is now in a very healthy condition-. 

Most of the first four months having been spent in sowing, the last month 
has been one of harvest, for God has blessed our efforts with, as we believe, 
twelve souls saved since January 1st, making fifteen since November 1st. 
This success, under God, I owe to The School for Christian Workers, and 
chiefly to the second year's study. My advice to all who are hesitating is : 
if possible, take the second year. It will make them stronger men in the 

Our training class is raising $30 for the School. We hope to send a 
couple of our members as students next year. We may send two or three 
gymnasts to the summer school. 11 — Feb. 1, 1888. 



At the 20th annual Convention of the Young Men's Christian Associations 
in New York State, held at Elmira in 1886, Rev. Edwin F. See, pastor of 
the Third Reformed Church of Albany, in an address on " Our Aim, our 
Needs, our Encouragements," said on the second point of the topic : 

"It is upon the necessity of training, to the Secretary, that I wish to 
dwell with especial emphasis for a moment. I would place the Secretary's 
preparation for his office upon the same footing upon which the minister's 
has been placed by the Church, and the physician's or lawyer's by the State. 
A thorough preparatory training would develop the necessary qualifications 
in the candidate, if latent, and would show him and others their absence, if 
wanting, and in this way reveal to him his fitness or unfitness for the Secre- 
tarial office. In the twenty months, between July, 1883, and April, 1885, 
250 men left the Secretaryship, most of them, presumably, because they 
were unfitted for its duties. Would it not be far better to have 250 men 
learn their lack of adaptability to the Secretaryship in a training school, than 
to have that number make the discovery while in the actual discharge of its 
functions, to their own loss and the injury of the Associations ? 

It may be urged that the Assistant Secretaryship is the best training school 
for aspirants to the position of General Secretary. If that be so, brethren, 
then, by all means, let us go back to the days when there were no theologi- 
cal seminaries, and when candidates for the ministry found their only prepa- 
ration in the studies of their pastors. Then let us abolish our law schools 
and our medical colleges, and let our incipient lawyers and physicians learn 
the art of their professions in the offices of neighboring practitioners. Then 
let all the advantages of training under representative men in their pro- 
fessions, of libraries, of communication and inspiration from friendly rivalry 
among students engaged in the same line of pursuits, be sacrificed ; let 
already overworked ministers, and physicians and lawyers have their studies 
and offices overrun with their pupils ; let each aspirant for a place in these 


professions do as well as he can, in getting a preparation wherever he can, 
for the important duties which he is to discharge. Then let no specified 
course of study be required of these candidates, but let them spend in 
preparation two weeks, or two months, or two years, at their own option, 
and with the consent of a council of those who are already practising, let 
them proceed to their work. I believe the time is not far distant when the 
same tests will be applied to the candidate for the General Secretaryship as 
are now applied to the candidate for the professions that have been named ; 
when a college education, while it will not be looked upon as an absolute 
necessity, will be regarded as a desideratum in him as in the others, and when 
college men will aspire to the Secretaryship ; when among other questions 
put to a candidate for the Secretarial office by those in authority, will be this : 
* Have you your diploma for two years' study at The School for Christian 
Workers, at Springfield, Mass ? ' To look for anything less than this would 
be to acknowledge, what I am sure you are not ready to acknowledge, that 
the duties of the Secretaryship are less varied, less exacting and less impor- 
tant than those of the ministry, or law, or medicine." 





From the report of the International Convention, held at Chicago, 
June 1-3, 1887 : 

" The School for Christian Workers, at Springfield, Mass., was opened 
only two years ago. It is inter-denominational, admits men only, and by 
its two years' Biblical and rhetorical course of study it gives training to fit 
them to become Y. M. C. A. Secretaries and Gymnasium Instructors, Pas- 
tors' Helpers, and S. S. Workers and Missionaries. It is but just to say that 
nowhere else in all the land is the need of Biblical and practical training for 
the Y. M. C. A. work so fully recognized and met as at Springfield. Its 
department for S. S. training is also thoroughly organized under the care of 
a well-known S. S. Superintendent."" 

At a recent meeting of the International Sunday-School Com- 
mittee, a resolution was passed instructing the Secretary to "express the 
sympathy of the Committee and extend their greeting to The School for 
Christian Workers, at Springfield, Mass." 

From Rev. F. N. Peloubet, D.D., Author of Peloubet's Series of S. S. 
Lesson Helps : 

"The School for Christian Workers is a much needed institution, and 
seems to be meeting the demands in an admirable manner, with its expert 
instructors and excellent equipment for study and practice. No one can 
visit the Institution without feeling its importance, and desiring to increase 
its efficiency by pecuniary aid. It is a new departure in the right direction. 
From what I have seen of its workings, I heartily commend the Institution, 
its workers and its work." F. N. PELOUBET. 

Natick, Mass., Feb. 10, 1888. 


From Mr. H. J. Prudden, Pres. Conn. State S. S. Association: 

" My previous favorable. impression of The School for Christian Workers 
was more than confirmed by my visit to it the other day. I was impressed 
hot only by the rare combination of theory and practical work that your 
course of study in connection with your Gymnasium, Christian Association 
and Sabbath School gives, but also by the manly appearance and bearing of 
your students, and their evident interest and enthusiasm. You seem to be 
giving an exceptionally fine number of young men exceptional advantages 
for becoming effective Christian workers. I feel more hopeful for the Sun- 
day-School of the future because some of them are to be laborers in it. The 
need for such Sunday-School leaders is great and their influence for good will 
be incalculable. 1 ' 

From Rev. Smith Baker, D. D., Pres. of the Mass. State S. S. Convention 
and Cong S. S. Association: 
" I take great pleasure in commending the work which The School for 
Christian Workers, at Springfield, is doing, and in a special manner that of 
the Sunday-School Department, and wish all our superintendents and teach- 
ers could receive the benefit of its instruction and training. It is a part of 
our Sunday-School development which must come more and more to the 
front, for, in order for better work, we need trained leaders. 11 

From Wm. H. Levering, President of the Indiana State Sunday-School 

My Dear Brothei* : The work which you have undertaken — that of training- 
young men for Work in our Lord's kingdom — is of the very highest impor- 
tance ; and I pray that the growth and usefulness of your School shall greatly 
exceed that wbich you have hoped for. 

In Christian love, WM. H. LEVERING. 

From John H. Funk, Secretary of the Iowa State S. S. Association : 

" I am much pleased to know of your work in The School for Christian 
Workers. The training of young men for Sunday-School Superintendents 
and teachers is a very valuable work — one much needed. I wish all our 
Christian colleges had such a department. I bid you God-speed in so noble 
a work. JOHN H. FUNK. 


The Sunday-School Times 1 Notes on Open Letters : 

" Several questions have been asked concerning some method of training 
Sunday-School Superintendents for their work, and now a Massachusetts 
reader sends the programme of ' The School for Christian Workers,'' in 
Springfield, Mass., and he asks — 

' Will not this answer the question asked by your Minnesota reader, who 
made inquiry for the best method of training Superintendents ? 1 

The Springfield School has the countenance of Mr. Moody, of Dr. J. H. 
Vincent, of Professor M. B. Riddle, of Dr. A J. Gordon, and of others; 
and it is certainly worthy of attention by those who are seeking aid in its 

" I think the purpose of such an institution is the truest wisdom, and when 
our churches wake up to a sense of how much they need trained helpers for 
lay work, they will be vastly more powerful. 

Rev. R. S. HOLMES. 

Mr. S. R. Ferguson, the first graduate of the School, writes: 

" T am under lasting obligations to the School. ... I will improve 
every opportunity to bring the benefits and privileges of the Institution 
before the public. ... I only wish I could spend another term or two 
with you." 

" The School for Christian Workers is the worthy pioneer of the move- 
ment of the church toward the training of dormant lay resources. It stands 
for ' industrial education 1 in the spiritual life, and is itself the institute of 
technology for training lay artisans in the applied sciences and arts of our 
modern church life." Rev. GRAHAM TAYLOR, 

Prof. Practical Theol., Hartford Theol. Sem. 

" I am in most hearty sympathy with the work your School is doing. It 
is in the right line and fills a gap in our religious educational department 
which nothing else fills. May you make a great success of it." 

A. F. SCHAUFFLER, D. D., New York. 


"I am much pleased with my visit to The School for Christian W orkers. It 
is well furnished and equipped for its work. Its courses of study are prac- 
tical and fitted to train men for effective Christian work. It offers an 
opportunity for training Christians for lay work which, so far as I know, is 
not offered elsewhere. I wish it great success." 

Rev. A. E. DUNNING, D.D., 
Secretary Cong'l S. S. and Pub. Society. 

" After having visited the School, I take pleasure in expressing my deep 
interest in the work and the favorable impression it made upon my mind. I 
heartily endorse the entire work and think it has a claim upon the sympathy, 
prayers and support of all Christians." 

Pres. 5th Int. S. S. Convention. 

" I greatly rejoice in your plan of work. It is becoming far more difficult 
to get a consecrated Christian worker than to get a minister." 

Rev. A. G. LAWSON, D.D., Boston. 

" I trust that your School may be a success, as it seems to me to be at the 
roots of all our Sunday-School and Missionary Work." 

Statistical Sec. Int. S. S. Committee. 

" It is a pleasure to aid your School, for what you are doing makes me feel 
stronger in the battle, as being assured that worthy re-enforcements are 
coming. . . . It is a good omen that the churches are beginning to feel 
that some others than the pastor need training." 

Cor. Sec. Ohio S. S. Union. 

"I am deeply interested in your School. I wonder that there have not 
been schools of this kind before in all parts of our country. The time is 


coming when it will be as customary to salary the Superintendents of large 
Schools as it is to pay Y. M. C. A. Secretaries. The possibilities for good 
are so great and so apparent that our churches will realize that ' it pays ' to 
put men into this part of the work who can and will give it their whole time 
and energy. 1 ' 

A salaried Superintendent, Toledo, Ohio. 

" Having visited The School for Christian Workers, it gives me pleasure 
to endorse its methods of work. Everywhere we hear the cry for trained 
workers, and this institution is successfully meeting the demand. I wish it 
great success. 1 '